Diazepam 2mg side effects

Diazepam 2mg side effects

Diazepam 2mg side effects

The more common side effects that can occur with diazepam include:

  • drowsiness.
  • tiredness or fatigue.
  • muscle weakness.
  • inability to control muscle movements (ataxia)
  • headache.
  • tremor.
  • dizziness.
  • dry mouth or excessive saliva.

Diazepam, first marketed as Valium, is a medicine of the benzodiazepine family that acts as an anxiolytic.[9] It is commonly used to treat a range of conditions, including anxietyseizuresalcohol withdrawal syndromebenzodiazepine withdrawal syndromemuscle spasmsinsomnia, and restless legs syndrome.[9] It may also be used to cause memory loss during certain medical procedures.[10][11] It can be taken by mouthinserted into the rectuminjected into muscleinjected into a vein or used as a nasal spray.[5][11] When given into a vein, effects begin in one to five minutes and last up to an hour.[11] By mouth, effects begin after 15 to 60 minutes.Diazepam 2mg side effects

Common side effects include sleepiness and trouble with coordination. Serious side effects are rare.[9] They include suicide, decreased breathing, and an increased risk of seizures if used too frequently in those with epilepsy.[9][11][13] Occasionally, excitement or agitation may occur.[14][15] Long-term use can result in tolerancedependence, and withdrawal symptoms on dose reduction.[9] Abrupt stopping after long-term use can be potentially dangerous.[9] After stopping, cognitive problems may persist for six months or longer.[14] It is not recommended during pregnancy or breastfeeding.[11] Its mechanism of action works by increasing the effect of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA).[14]

Diazepam was patented in 1959 by Hoffmann-La Roche. It has been one of the most frequently prescribed medications in the world since its launch in 1963.[9] In the United States it was the best-selling medication between 1968 and 1982, selling more than 2 billion tablets in 1978 alone.[9] In 2018, it was the 115th most commonly prescribed medication in the United States, with more than 6 million prescriptions.[18][19] In 1985 the patent ended, and there are now more than 500 brands available on the market.[9] It is on the World Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines.

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